Development as Conscientization: The Case of Nijera Kori in Bangladesh

This book Challenges the Conventional wisdom of narrowly-defined development which concentrates primarily and decisively on the ‘invisible hand’ of economic development per se — a market-based money-metric approach.

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About The Author

Abul Barkat

Abul Barkat, Ph. D. is currently Professor and Chair, Department of Economics, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Dr. Barkat is a reputed researcher in the field of political economy of human development with special concentration on poverty and humane development, indigenous and minority peoples right to development, land-poverty-development nexus, criminalization of economy and politics, gender divide in development, population and health, and economics of fundamentalism. Dr.Barkat has in his credit over two hundred and fifty research studies and publications. Dr. Barkat’s research based pioneering books in the area of political Economy of Land in Bangladesh are: Deprivation of Hindu Minorities in Bangladesh: Living with Vested property, Char Land in Bangladesh : Political Economy of Ignored Resource, Political Economy of Land Litigation in Bangladesh, A Case of Colossal National Wastage, Political Economy of Khas Land in Bangladesh, An Inquiry into Causes and Consequences of Deprivation of Hindu Minorities in Bangladesh through the Vested property Act: Framework for a Realistic Solution, Political Economy of the Vested Property Act in Rural Bangladesh. He actively participates in the civil society activities. Dr. Barkat is the current elected General Secretary (2007-2009) of the Bangladesh Economic Association.

Mozammel Hoque, MA, MBA is a freelance consultant having work experience of around 29 years in diverse capacities with various development organizations- such as CARE, Save the Children Australia and UNDP. Taking keen interest in rights-related studies and research, Mr. Hoque has delved deep into many aspects of development in Bangladesh. He has worked as well as conducted research in such areas as women’s rights, child rights, literacy and income-generating activities. He has authored and co-authored a good number of publications in both development and economic areas.

Sadeka Halim, Ph.D. is currently Professor of Sociology at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. She is a reputed researcher on gender and development, focusing indigenous peoples of Bangladesh. Her research interest covers wide range of issues covering environment, Child right, forestry, trafficking of women and children, women in education, women and rural electrification. Dr. Halim has over fifty publications in her credit. She is also a reputed women rights’ activist in Bangladesh.

Asmar Osman, MSS, with an excellent academic background, is involved in socio-economic research in a research organization Human Development Research Centre (HDRC). Development Economics and other areas of development are his area of expertise and interest. He has co-authored the research-book titled Development as Conscientization: The Case of Nijera Kori in Bangladesh. He has a number of creative books in his credit. Asmar is the current elected Assistant General Secretary (2007-2009) of Bangladesh Economic Association.

This book Challenges the Conventional wisdom of narrowly-defined development which concentrates primarily and decisively on the ‘invisible hand’ of economic development per se — a market-based money-metric approach. This book also shows the limitations of the relatively broadly-defined views on human development due to its “non-class” considerations. To the contrary, this book proposes a framework for understanding true development— development as rights — both Constitutional and justifiable, as inclusion of the excluded (not adverse inclusion), and as a freedom and liberty mediated process. This book not only forwards the argument that sustained development is a conscientizationmediated process, but also attempts to empirically measure “development as conscientization’ Conscientization has been seen as a process by which the learner advances towards critical consciousness which is necessary for informed actions- the key goal of development education. The newness of both the arguments and measurements lies in the fact that the whole exercise has been conducted in a participatory way with the poor and marginalized people implying a deviation from the conventional researchers-defined approach. This book, based on the experience of an NGO-Nijera Kori’s conscientization work, documents an attempt to provide empirical evidences of impact of conscientization. The key conclusions reached are – Conscientization—as route to development- works; Conscientization promotes collective action of the poor and marginalized; Conscientization accelerates spill-over effects; Conscientization has potential multiplier effects; Conscientization efforts add more value to economic inputs in development; Well-being is conscientization mediated process, vice versa is not; and Conscientization— as a route to freedom of the poor and marginalized in a class society— works.


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